Pro Rh Bill Essay Tagalog Version

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Ang mga panukalang batas sa Reproduktibong Kalusugan(Ingles: Reproductive Health bills na kilala bilang RH Bill) ang mga panukalang-batas na inihain sa lehislatura ng Pilipinas na naglalayon na siguruhin ang pangkalahatang paglapit sa mga paraan at impormasyon sa pagkontrol ng panganganak at pangangalagang pang-ina. Ang mga panukalang batas na ito ay naging sentro ng pambansang talakayan. Sa kasalukuyan ay mayroong dalawang mga panukalang-batas na may parehong mga layuin:

  • Panukalang batas ng kapulungan Bilang 4244(House Bill No. 4244) o "An Act Providing for a Comprehensive Policy on Responsible Parenthood, Reproductive Health, and Population and Development, and For Other Purposes"(Ang Aktong Nagbibigay ng Komprehensibong Patakaran tungkol sa Responsable Pagiging Magulan, Reproduktibong Kalusugan, at Populasyon at Pag-unlad, at Para sa Iba pang mga Layunin) na ipinakilala ng representatibong si Edcel Lagman ng Unang Distrito ng Albay.
  • Panukalang batas ng Senado Bilang 2378(Senate Bill No. 2378) "An Act Providing For a National Policy on Reproductive Health and Population and Development"(Ang Akong Nagbibigay ng Pambansang Patakaran tungkol sa Reproduktibong Kalusugan at Populasyon at Pag-unlad) na ipinakilala ni Senador Miriam Defensor-Santiago.

Bagaman may pangkalahatang kasunduan tungkol sa mga probisyon sa pang-ina at pang-anak na kalusugan, may malaking pagtatalo sa pangunahing mungkahi na ang pamahalaan ng Pilipinas at ang pribadong sektor ay magpopondo at magsasagawa ng malawak na pamamahagi ng mga kasangkapang pang pagpaplano ng pamilya gaya ng kondom, mga pill na pangkontrol sa panganganak at IUD habang ang pamahalaan ay patuloy na nagpapakalat ng impormasyon sa mga gamit nito sa lahat ng mga sentro ng pangangalagang pangkalusugan(health care centers).

Likurang impormasyon(background)[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Ang unang beses na ang isang panukalang batas tungkol sa Reproduktibong Kalusugan ay iminungkahi noong 1998. Sa kasalukuyang ika-15 Kongreso ng Pilipinas, ang mga panukalang batas sa Reproduktibong Kalusugan na inihain dito ay isinulat ng Pinunong Minoridad ng Kapulungan na si Edcel Lagmanng Albay na HB 96; representatibong Dale Bernard Tuddao ng Iloilo, HB 101, mga representatibo ng Akbayan na sina Kaka Bag-ao at Walden Bello, HB 513; representatibo Rodolf Biazon ng Muntinlupa, HB 1160, representatibo Augusto Syjuco ng Iloilo, HB 1520, representatibo Luzviminda Ilagan ng Gabriela. Sa Senado, si Sen. Miriam Defensor-Santiago ay naghain ng kanyang sariling bersiyon ng panukalang batas sa Reproduktibong Kalusugan. Noong Enero 31, 2011, ang Komite ng Kapulungan ng mga Representatibo sa Populasyon at Mga Ugnayang pang-Pamilya ay bumoto na pag-isahin ang lahat ng mga bersiyon sa Mababang Kapulungan na pinamagatang "An Act Providing for a Comprehensive Policy on Responsible Parenthood, Reproductive Health, and Population and Development, and For Other Purposes"(Ang Aktong Nagbibigay ng Komprehensibong Patakaran tungkol sa Responsable Pagiging Magulang, Reproduktibong Kalusugan, at Populasyon at Pag-unlad, at Para sa Iba pang mga Layunin).

Layunin nito[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Ang isa sa pangunahing pagkabahala sa panukalang batas na ito(ayon sa komentong nagpapaliwanag dito) ay ang kasalukuyang populasyon ng Pilipinas ay gumagawa dito na "ika-12 pinaka-mataong bansa sa buong mundo ngayon" at ang bilis ng pertilidad ng mga kababaihang Pilipino ay nasa "itaas na bracket ng 206 mga bansa". Isinasaad nito na ang mga pag-aaral at pagsisiyasat(survey) ay "nagpapakitang ang mga Pilipino ay tumutugon sa pagkakaroon ng maliit na sukat ng mga pamilya sa pamamagitan ng malayang pagpili ng mga paraan ng pagpaplano ng pamilya". Ito ay tumutukoy rin sa mga pag-aaral na "nagpapakitang ang mabilis na paglago ng populasyon ay nagpapalala ng kahirapan samantalang ang kahirapan ay lumilikha ng mabilis na paglago ng populasyon". Kaya ito ay naglalayong pabutihin ang kalidad ng buhay sa pamamagitan ng "konsistente at magkaayon na pambansang patakarang pang populasyon".

Kabuuang teksto sa Tagalog[baguhin | baguhin ang batayan]

Just a few years ago, say “RH” in ordinary talks and you’ll get blank looks. Now, most Filipinos know that RH is reproductive health. It has entered presidential debates, topped the news, been surveyed to death. Moreover, majority have plainly said their piece: “We support RH.” Why? Loads of reasons—from the practical “We need help” to the proud “It’s my choice!” But 10 good ones should be enough to convince rational people and thoughtful policy-makers. So here are our top picks.

1 RH will: Protect the health & lives of mothers

The WHO (World Health Organization) estimates that complications arise in 15% of pregnancies, bad enough to hospitalize or kill women. From the 2 million plus live births alone, some 300,000 maternal complications occur yearly. This is 7 times the DOH’s annual count for TB, 19 times for heart diseases and 20 times for malaria in women. As a result, more than 11 women die needlessly each day.

Enough skilled birth attendants and prompt referral to hospitals with emergency obstetric care are proven curative solutions to maternal complications. For women who wish to stop childbearing, family planning (FP) is the best preventive measure. All these are part of RH.

2 Save babies

Proper birth spacing reduces infant deaths. The WHO says at least 2 years should pass between a birth and the next pregnancy. In our country, the infant mortality rate of those with less than 2 years birth interval is twice those with 3. The more effective and user-friendly the FP method, the greater the chances of the next child to survive.

3 Respond to the majority who want smaller families

Times have changed and people want smaller families. When surveyed about their ideal number of children, women in their 40s want slightly more than 3, while those in their teens and early 20s want just slightly more than 2.

Moreover, couples end up with families larger than what they planned. On average, Filipino women want close to 2 children but end up with 3. This gap is unequal, but shows up in all social classes and regions. RH education and services will help couples fulfill their hopes for their families.

4 Promote equity for poor families

RH indicators show severe inequities between the rich and poor. For example, 94% of women in the richest quintile have a skilled attendant at birth, while only 26% of the poorest can do so. The richest have 3 times higher tubal ligation rates. This partly explains why the wealthy hardly exceed their planned number of children, while the poorest get an extra 2. Infant deaths among the poorest are almost 3 times that of the richest, which in a way explains why the poor plan for more children. An RH law will help in attaining equity in health through stronger public health services.

5 Prevent induced abortions

Unintended pregnancies precede almost all induced abortions. Of all unintended pregnancies, 68% occur in women without any FP method, and 24% happen to those using traditional FP like withdrawal or calendar-abstinence.

If all those who want to space or stop childbearing would use modern FP, abortions would fall by some 500,000. In our country where abortion is strictly criminalized, and where 90,000 women are hospitalized yearly for complications, it would be reckless and heartless not to ensure prevention through FP.

6 Support and deploy more public midwives, nurses and doctors

RH health services are needed wherever people are establishing their families. For example, a report by the MDG Task Force points out the need for 1 fulltime midwife to attend to every 100 to 200 annual live births. Other health staff are needed for the millions who need prenatal and postpartum care, infant care and family planning. Investing in these core public health staff will serve the basic needs of many communities.

7 Guarantee funding for & equal access to health facilities

RH will need and therefore support many levels of health facilities. These range from health stations that can do basic prenatal, infant and FP care; health centers for safe birthing, more difficult FP services like IUD insertions, and management of sexually transmitted infections; and hospitals for emergency obstetric and newborn care and surgical contraception. Strong RH facilities can be the backbone of a strong and fairly distributed public health facility system.

8 Give accurate & positive sexuality education to young people

Currently, most young people enter relationships and even married life without the benefit of systematic inputs by any of our social institutions. We insist on young voters’ education for events that occur once every few years, but do nothing guiding the young in new relationships they face daily. The RH bill mandates the education and health departments to fill this serious gap.

9 Reduce cancer deaths

Delaying sex, avoiding multiple partners or using condoms prevent HPV infections that cause cervical cancers. Self breast exams and Pap smears can detect early signs of cancers which can be cured if treated early. All these are part of RH education and care. Contraceptives do not heighten cancer risks; combined pills actually reduce the risk of endometrial and ovarian cancers.

10 Save money that can be used for even more social spending

Ensuring modern FP for all who need it would increase spending from P1.9 B to P4.0 B, but the medical costs for unintended pregnancies would fall from P3.5 B to P0.6 B, resulting in a net savings of P0.8 B. There is evidence that families with fewer children do spend more for health and education.


You may want to copy this (or expand the list) and send to family, friends and acquaintances until it reaches our legislators. We need the support of everyone we can reach and convince.

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