No less a religious authority than the late pope, John Paul II, said that evolution is more than just a hypothesis. It is a thrilling theory that has demonstrated its explanatory power over and over again in diverse scientific disciplines. Intelligent design theory has no such record. Why then, do some religious parents want intelligent design theory taught alongside evolution in America's public school classrooms?
For some religious fundamentalists, this may indeed be a way of making room for God in science classes. But for many parents, who are legitimately concerned about what their children are being taught, I suspect that it is a way of countering those proponents of evolution - and particularly of evolutionary biology - who go well beyond science to claim that evolution both manifests and requires a materialistic philosophy that leaves no room for God, the soul or the presence of divine grace in human life.
It is one thing to bracket the divine in pursuit of scientific truth - after all, there is no way to include God as a factor in a scientific experiment. But it is something else to suppose that scientific methods and the truths thus arrived at constitute the only kind of knowledge we can have.
In science, as in other practices, there are those whose world views are shaped entirely by the methods and disciplines of their work. Thus the Nobel laureate James Watson, co-discoverer of the molecular structure of DNA, declares that "one of the greatest gifts science has brought to the world is continuing elimination of the supernatural." A historian of ideas would immediately recognize this perspective as an echo of the 19th-century clash between proponents of science and religion.
And then there are evolutionists of a more philosophical bent, like Michael Rose of the University of California at Irvine, who use evolution to explain everything, including religion. The penchant to make evolution the intellectual linchpin of a wholly atheist outlook is manifest in the writings of Richard Dawkins, professor of public understanding of science at Oxford University, whose public understanding of human beings is that they are "survival machines" for genes.
It is unlikely that parents who want intelligent design taught on an equal footing with evolution read books by Wilson, Rose or Dawkins. Chances are they are among the Americans who are more likely to believe in the Virgin Birth than in evolution. That tendency appalls some people but should surprise no one.
Most Americans, as they go about constructing lives and building families, making choices and exercising free will, do not think of themselves as gene survival machines or as random products of an impersonal process that whispers, in effect, "I am all that is."
And most Christians do accept the Virgin Birth as part of a larger religious narrative that tells them there is a God who created the world - one who cares so passionately about humankind that his only son took human form.
Simply put, belief in evolution does not compel anything like the personal commitment demanded by religious faith in a divine creator and redeemer. Thus, while it is tempting to pit Genesis against evolution as competing myths of human origins, many Christians, including scientists and theologians, do embrace evolution.
The danger in intelligent design is not just that it is bad science, but that it seeks to enlist evidence from science in the service of religious truth while denying evolutionary processes like mutation and natural selection.
But the designer God of intelligent design is no more necessary to Christianity (or other monotheisms) than was the deistic God of Newtonian physics. In both cases, God ends up being made in the image of an intellectual system, much like Aristotle's unmoved mover. That is not the God of revelation.
One way out of America's classroom conflict over teaching evolution would be to devise courses that examine the cultural uses to which evolution is put. But such courses would inevitably involve dialogue with religious concepts and perspectives - and thus raise further objections from those who see no place at all for religious ideas in public education.
And so, while I think intelligent design is the wrong approach, I sympathize with those parents who object to the materialist assumptions that can easily color the teaching of evolution, absent any acknowledgment of the claims of religion. Those parents are smart enough to know that, like nature, some teachers abhor a vacuum.
Science Vs Religion
- Length: 378 words (1.1 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
Science and religion cannot co-exist. What are your views on this?
In the begining there was darkness. Then there was light. Then there was consciousness. Then there were questions and then there was religion. Why are we? Where do we come from? Why does the world and nature act as it does? What happens when we die.
Religion tended to the answer to all these questions with the stories of gods and godesses and other supernatural forces that were beyond the understanding of humans. Where as science seems able to explain everything with prof and evidence right before your eyes.
Science deals with subject matter and account for civilizations while religion is concered with the civilization, but looks at its spiritulisation and faith. As the scientists looks at the building, materials and whereas religion is not focusing on these physical components.
This also gives birth to the question that whether science is able to explain all or whether religion is able to explain all aspects of life?science does seem to explain all.
It is because of the fact that science has enabled humans to fly, explore the depths of the oceans,walk on the moon. It makes the life of humans easier than before with lots of facilities.
Howerver, strong and almost perfect the view of science is in today's society it cannot cover the entire spectrum of the human experiences. Nor does it explain some of the striking similarities present in the various religions of the earth.
There have been many clashes between religion and science in history. Some past leaders were used to imprisoned scientists. Now much has changed. People asks for the facts and figures, but spiritualisation, your character building is not the things provided by science. So, science and religion are different in the sense of facts and faith.
These both are important for our lives, because you cannot write on walls without pens and brains.
How to Cite this Page
|Evolutionary Theory According to Science and Religion Essays - Charles Darwin was a scientist and naturalist, primarily recognised as the first and most influential advocate of the evolutionary theory through natural selection. After the publication of his book in 1859, “On the Origin of Species”, people began to identify the foundations of humanity very differently. However, even though the scientific approval of his theory was close to becoming worldwide, there have been countless opposition groups, predominantly amongst the religious believers. (Darwin, 2008) According to Darwin, the relationship between science and religion is commonly represented as an issue that is irreconcilable where one side is claiming something, the other can’t accept;... [tags: theory, natuarl, science, religion]||1780 words|
| Life Begins: Understanding by Science and Religion Essay - “A human being can’t survive unassisted on the moon absent the creation of an artificial atmosphere via technology. The same goes for the embryo on the fetus that are living in the womb” (Smith, 1). The different beliefs and opinions can determine how you answer a question. When life begins is answered differently based upon personal beliefs dealing with religion and science. Jewish people related they believes based on the Bible. Judaism lived by the rules of the Old Testament as well as the “rabbinical writings” (Human Life Begins, 3).... [tags: beliefs, questions, science, religion]|
:: 6 Works Cited
| Science vs Religion Essay - Title of Assignment Is science just another form of religion, with people like physicist Stephen Hawking among its high priests. Are science and religions simply both similar social constructions. In your response to this question, specifically consider how irrational social factors influence everything, including science and religion. Introduction One of today's most disputable and warmed issues is whether the clash between science and religion could be accommodated. The verbal confrontation between science and religion is never out of the news.... [tags: Science and Religion]|
:: 8 Works Cited
|Essay on Science and Religion - Science and religion have always been in conflict with one another because they each represent complete opposite ideals, science is about how nature controls how the universe works and religion is about how God controls how the universe works. In the five models on science and religion I believe that Conflict best describes the relationship between the two. Conflict tells how either science is completely right and religion is wrong or the other way around and that religion and science are completely different.... [tags: Science Religion Creation ]||803 words|
| Essay on Religion Must Embrace Science - In 1633, Galileo Galilei was placed on trial for suspicion of heresy by the Roman Catholic Church of the era. The trial was in response to Galileo’s publication of Dialogue, a book which propounded Copernicus’ theory of heliocentrism, or more simply known as the Earth’s movement around the sun. The church believed the common biblically founded view that the Earth could not be moved. Copernican theory is common knowledge these days, and Galileo’s efforts to prove the theory have earned him the title of father of science, but the Church’s opposition to science has remained largely unchanged.... [tags: Science and Religion]|
:: 6 Works Cited
|Why Science and Religion Can and Must Coexist Essay - Throughout history, religion and science have been in constant conflict with each other. The arrest and excommunication of astronomer Galileo for teaching that the earth is flat and revolves around the sun is just one example of this conflict. Many religious leaders and scientists today believe that science and religion are fundamentally different and will always contradict each other. But with what reason. Religion has always tried to answer our questions in an instinctual way, based on emotions, morality and scripture.... [tags: religion, science, creation, commission]||1403 words|
| Religion vs. Science Essay - On The Origin Of Religion Over centuries, the epic battle between modern science and ancient religion rose to the level of wars, resulting in millions of deaths all over nations. Since the days of Galileo, religion has tried to kill any kind of scientific thinking, logic reasoning, or theories. Science is no innocent victim as it has always tried to wipe out any religious meanings and the existence of God, throughout contaminated evolution theories and philosophical thinking. However, scientists nowadays are more reasoning; believing that faith is a gift they haven’t yet received.... [tags: Science, Religion]|
:: 5 Works Cited
| Teaching Religion and Science In Public Schools Essay - In the United States, the average child goes through public funded schools that have a basic curriculum. According to the Texas Education Agency, some of the subjects include science, mathematics, social studies, English, and more. Nowhere in the subject is religion included. The basic curriculum is made in order to give students skills, knowledge, and to help develop the minds of the future. In science class, evolution is taught either briefly or detailed. It is taught because it is a popular theory that did not seem to choose a certain religion.... [tags: Religion vs Science Essays]|
:: 5 Works Cited
|Essay on Science and Religion - Science and religion have always collided. Science is based on observation and what we can prove. Religion on the other hand makes arguments analytical in nature and requires faith. The basis though may not seem similar. A scientist might call this as the order in the universe or the Energy, which is transmitted in the world we live in. Religions like to look this ultimate reality as God. This entity is capable of setting an order in the universe and is nothing but what religion defines as God. Science and Religion then appear to be tied up like two versions of the same subject.... [tags: Religion, comparative]||1441 words|
| The Black and White of Science and Religion Essay - Annotated References Astley, J; & Francis, L. (2010) British Journal of Religious Education, Promoting positive attitudes towards science and religion among sixth-form pupils: dealing with scientism and creationism. Vol. 32 Issue 3. The Routledge group writes a very compelling argument dealing with the attitudes towards science and religion. The authors have survey results from their research and supply the basic data learned. The paper data talks about the consistency of each institution and really points towards how group and subcultures can either be positive or negative based on how its presented.... [tags: Religion]|
:: 16 Works Cited
Vs Religion Various Religions Subject Matter Looks Depths Scientists Deals Brains Oceans Walls
Pens are provided by the science and the brain and satisfaction by religion. Therefore, there should be no conflict between them. In my opinion religion and science can co-exist in the sense of walking on their separate paths side by side. We need both as the religion takecare of man's spiritual life and science take care of man's comfort.