Human trafficking is the fastest increasing criminal industry in todays world, coming in second after illegal drug-trade. This type of slaver has been traced back to the ancient Mesopotamian and Mediterranean civilization and has continued to grow. What is human trafficking? Commonly referred to as "modern-day slavery" is the illegal trade of human beings for forced labor or for exploitation. Exploitation referring to the using others for prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery, or the removal of organs. Woman and young children living in poverty are the ones who usually fall in the trap of the traffickers. Due to poverty many woman are not educated and are no employed leaving them with no choice but to sell their bodies to provide for their families. An approximate of 17,500 foreigners are trafficked each year in the United States alone, the number of United States citizens trafficked within the United States are even higher. Human trafficking is a near-guaranteed death due HIV and AIDS woman are infected with. Government around the world are just beginning to address this problem and have realized just how strong this type of slavery has become.
Poverty is the leading cause in human trafficking. It has been documented that poverty leads to a lack of education leading to no employment and that leading to sex trafficking By fighting poverty many believe that there will be an end to sex trafficking too. Woman living in poverty countries will not be looking into sex driven businesses for employment. "Trafficking is inextricably linked to poverty. Wherever privation and economic hardship prevail, there will be those destitute and desperate enough to enter into the fraudulent employment schemes that are the most common intake systems in the world of trafficking." (The United States Agency for International Development) In Kenya, It has been reported that parents have sent their daughters into town for prostitution because they were desperate for money to feed their families. More then 1,500 girls under the age of 18 and as young as 12 in Kenya have been reported to be working prostitution in bars.
It is acknowledged that woman and girls who are trafficked to commercial sex are the ones who will most likely be infected with HIV/AIDS. The threat of the disease among the prostituted woman has not made sex trafficking and prostitution less likely to occur, but has increased the numbers of younger girls being traded. Clients sense that these younger girls are "virgins" and are uninfected by the virus, making them more popular. BBC News reported South America and India are leading with the highest numbers of infected people with HIV/AIDS in the world. South Africa being the first, having 5.1 million living with the disease and India being second by having a rapid increase in numbers of infected woman due to sex trafficking. BBC News reported: "In big red light districts, such as Sonagachi in Calcutta, where at least 10,000 prostitutes make a living, some men continue to insist on sex without condoms.", "The trafficked girls are forced to oblige. Many come from rural villages and do not know what Aids is before they are sold to pimps.", "And as they are moved around the country they can unwittingly spread the disease."
The United States government is committed to fight against human trafficking at home and abroad. The Trafficking victims Protection Act was signed in the year 2000. Stated on humantrafficking.org this Act: "enhances pre-existing criminal penalties, affords new protections to trafficking victims and makes available certain benefits and serves to victims of severe forms of trafficking.It also establishes a Cabinet-level federal interagency task force and establishes a federal program to provide services to trafficking victims." The U.S is also helping countries abroad by providing many anti-trafficking and development programs. Millions of dollars were provided to organizations all over the world to provide programs so human trafficking can be fought. The programs contribute on informing people the dangers of trafficking and strengthening the numbers of non-government organizations. Also stated on humantrafficking that: "The U.S. has assisted countries to enact anti-trafficking legislation, trained law enforcement officials, prosecutors, border guards and judicial officers on detecting, investigating, and prosecuting traffickers, and protecting victims and provided start-up equipment for new anti-trafficking police units." The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act came out in 2003, dedicated to provide aid to approximately 20,000 victims that are trafficked into the U.S each year. President Bush had signed into law in early January the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005. The United Stated had started monitoring people who were being trafficked in 1994, and is continuing to do so until human trafficking is prosecuted.
All in all, human trafficking is a serious crime that not many people are informed about. Young woman and children are forced into this sickening business everyday. Woman and children living in poverty do not know the meaning of human trafficking due to the lack of education. The highest percentage with people carrying the HIV/AIDS virus is for woman on this planet, many believing part of the percentage is because of human trafficking. Not many woman and children know the risks they are taking when they have no choice but to sell their bodies. Government all over the world should be providing information on human trafficking because no nation is immune from this crime
If it comes in second, it is not fastest.
Human trafficking is one of the fastest increasing criminal industry in today's world, coming in second after illegal drug-trade.
Check for small typos:
and are no employed...
It is acknowledged that woman and girls who are trafficked to commercial sex are the ones who will most likely be infected with HIV/AIDS (put a citation here).
The United States government is committed to the fight against
The United States government is committed to fighting against
Also stated on humantrafficking.org : "The U.S. has assisted countries to enact anti-trafficking legislation, trained law enforcement officials, prosecutors, border guards and judicial officers on detecting, investigating, and prosecuting traffickers, and protecting victims and provided start-up equipment for new anti-trafficking police units" (paragraph X). ---- it is good if you put a paragraph or page number. Also, it really is best if you use the writer's name or the organization's name instead of just the web address. The web address goes in the reference list, but in the text cite the person or organization whose words you are using.
Anyway, this essay has a lot of potential. If you want to clean up the MLA, google this:
Purdue owl MLA
Sex Trafficking In India Essay
An article released by the BBC entitled “Horrors of India’s Brothels Documented” brought this shocking global issue to my attention. The article provides information about a young Indian girl who was only 11 when she was sold into sex slavery by her neighbor (who had persuaded her family to let her go with him to Mumbai); she was taken from her impoverished village in West Bangel. Brutally raped the first night she arrived in a brothel, Guddi is only one of 20,000 sex workers in that specific area [Kamathipura] (2013). The article elaborates on the history of sex slavery in India. It points out that laws have recently been put into place against human trafficking. However, the laws are not being strongly enforced due to the sheer number of the cases. Human trafficking is like a plague that is spread throughout the world, and India is one of the hardest hit places. This paper will elaborate on the reasons this condition exists in India, and explain the connections that India has with the rest of the world that stem from this issue.
According to a special article published in the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics:
The largest number of sex trafficking victims originates in Asia, with an estimated 150,000 annually from South Asia alone. India is a major destination country for sex trafficked women and girls, with large numbers of Nepalese, Bangladeshi, and rural Indian females trafficked to Indian cities annually. Mumbai is considered to be the most common sex trafficking destination within India (Silverman, Decker, Gupta, Maheshwari, Patel, Willis & Raj, 2007).
Why are Indian women and children so venerable to this condition? Evidence suggests that colonialism, high population, intents poverty, low educational attainment, and gender inequity all play a role in the severity of this condition in India.
Human Trafficking is not a 21st century development in India. During British colonialism the British military created brothels for its troops. Girls and women were taken from poor families in rural areas to satisfy the needs of the troops in Mumbai and Calcutta. There is a direct relationship to the areas of India that were ruled by the British in the 1900’s and the areas that are now most impacted by human trafficking. Upon analyses of figure 12.28 on page 412 of the textbook Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a Changing World this correlation can be seen. The deep rooted historical acceptance of human trafficking is only one factor that exacerbates this condition in India; a staggering population is also a contributing factor when it comes to the continuing problem of human trafficking.
India is home to 1.2 billion people (Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff, 2013). Some of the highest concentrations of people are in the cities of Mumbai and Calcutta (refer to figure 12.9 page 400 of the textbook). The number of people in these cities makes it extremely difficult for authorities to enforce anti-trafficking laws; many...
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