Scottish Independence For And Against Essay Topic

Scottish citizens will vote on whether to split from the United Kingdom on Sept. 18, and some surprising polls at the weekend have shown that Scottish independence is a real possibility for the first time.

The referendum votes will be in by 10 p.m. local time that day. Though the Scottish government has not announced when those results will be revealed, we're likely to know the result in a matter of days. If the U.K. does split, it would likely do so in March, 2016.

See also: Disunited Kingdom: The Clash Over Scotland's Independence

In the days leading up to the vote, pro-independence and pro-union sides have tried to control the narrative behind the cons and pros of an independent Scotland. We've outlined some of the more prominent arguments below.

Cons

1. The Scottish aren't sure what currency they would use

Scottish politicians want to keep using the pound if they gain independence. But London politicians are not keen on that idea, meaning Scotland could be a country scrambling to find a currency — which would cause economic turmoil.

“The Scots seem to have no plan ‘b,'" Reginald Dale, a former Financial Times European affairs reporter, told Mashable.

2. An uncertain future for the U.K. means uncertain financial markets

The polls showing majority voter support for independence have already devalued the pound and caused a downturn on the London Stock Exchange. The pound dropped 1.3% against the American dollar and 1% against the euro on Monday, and is now at its lowest value in 10 months.

3. A separate U.K. and Scotland will likely have less international clout

A divided U.K. would be a weaker member of NATO and would cause a "huge blow to Britain's political weight," according to Dale, who is now a senior fellow with the Europe program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

And Scotland would have almost no international standing to start with. The new nation would likely have to reapply to enter the European Union, which is not a sure bet because many European governments are dealing with separatist movements of their own and would rather not legitimize the Scottish government. That's according to Nicholas Dungan, a transatlantic relations expert with the Atlantic Council, a nonpartisan think tank.

4. Other separatist movements in Europe would gain momentum

The Spanish government is "terrified" of the Scottish National Party, Dale says. It is dealing with a strong separatist movement in Catalonia, and is afraid that a win for Scottish independence would make it harder to ignore Catalonian calls for a similar referendum. Belgium also has independence-minded Walloon politicians that may be emboldened by a win for Scottish nationalists.

5. Businesses may leave Scotland

Should Scotland become its own nation, it may quickly find itself trying to develop its own currency, weaning off British subsidies and fighting for E.U. membership. Those three things are a recipe for economic instability, and Dungan said many businesses may move away from Scotland long before the fledgling nation can stabilize.

Pros

1. Scotland would completely control its political destiny

Scottish politicians have long claimed that their territory's resources have been used to benefit England more than the people of Scotland, and that Scotland has had too little say in its own governance. A vote for independence would put those arguments to rest.

2. Scotland has a different political identity

The center of politics in Scotland is further to the left than it is in England. The Conservative party exists in both kingdoms, but in Scottish govvernment it has practically no seats (15 out of 129 in Holyrood, the Scottish parliament; 1 out of 59 Scottish MPs at the House of Commons in London. Yet the Scots find themselves governed by a majority Conservative government at Westminster.

Their different political agendas would no longer be at odds if the territories were governed separately. Scotland would be able to set its own tax rates, have more control over nearby oil reserves and would be able to compete with England for investment from nations such as the United States, according to Michael J. Geary, a modern Europe and E.U. professor at Maastricht University in The Netherlands.

3. Scotland would be able to utilize its oil reserves

The North Sea is home to 30 to 40 years of consistent oil revenue; much of that oil would belong to Scotland were it to become independent. Scottish politicians have argued that London has used Scottish oil reserves for its own benefit, and that Scotland could use oil wealth to build its economic independence.

Some experts, point out, however, that an economy based largely on oil would be too subject to oil's price fluctuation.

4. No more nuclear weapons in Scotland

The United Kingdom's stock of nuclear missiles resides in Scotland, and the SNP is resolutely anti-nuke. Should Scotland become independent, the party has said that the nuclear weapons would need to be moved to England by 2020.

Even if Scots decide to remain a part of the U.K., their push for independence may have already secured greater autonomy. Rattled by the increasing possibility of separation, British politicians have offered their Scottish counterparts more fiscal independence, better control over welfare rates and other incentives if Scotland votes against independence.

Whether the U.K. as we know it comes to an end on Sept. 18 remains to be seen. But issues concerning greater autonomy in Scotland aren't going away. So if Britain remains intact next year, this debate is likely just getting started.

Scottish Independence Essay

Scottish Independence and the

Referendum

A general overview of the upcoming referendum on Scottish Independence.

Introduction

Described as Scotland's "biggest choice since 1707" (McLean et al, 2013, p. ix), the upcoming referendum on Scottish independence will provide a pivotal event for the current and future populations of Scotland as voters get the opportunity to decide whether or not they are to remain a part of Great Britain or become an independent nation. As McLean et al (2013) have referenced, 1707 was a year of major importance in Scottish history because it saw the passage of the Union with England Act by the Parliament of Scotland, thus legitimising the reciprocal Union with Scotland Act which was passed by its English counterpart the previous year (Davis, 1998). The Acts of Union have now stood for more than three centuries and, although there have been proposals to challenge it in recent years, this is the first time that the Scottish public have been given the opportunity to vote on the issue in a formal referendum. This essay will examine the issue of Scottish independence by providing an insight into the historical and political events that have led to the 2013 proposal to hold a referendum on the issue. It will also look in depth at the campaigns for and against Scottish independence in order to assess the approaches that each one has taken in order to sway voters towards their individual cause. This will ultimately facilitate the drawing of the conclusion that Scottish independence has the propensity to fundamentally alter the political landscape of the entire international community rather than being limited to a British and European context. However, although both campaigns relating to the referendum are fundamentally flawed, the choice made by the Scottish people will decide the nation's fate for the foreseeable future.

Historical Background

Although this referendum is the first in/out vote to be held in relation to Scottish independence in the 21st century, votes have previously been held over the issue of devolution. In both 1979 and 1997, Scottish devolution referendums were held with varying outcomes (Deacon, 2012). In the 1979 case, the yes vote did gain a majority but failed to attract 40% of the total electorate and therefore failed to achieve change (Dardanelli, 2006). However, in the 1997 referendum, there was clear majority support for both devolution of the Scottish Parliament, which was achieved in the Scotland Act 1998, and Parliament establishing the base rate of income tax (Dardanelli, 2006). In both instances then, there was significant support for the devolution of Scotland and important powers. As such, sovereignty has been an issue for...

Loading: Checking Spelling

0%

Read more

Devolution: Compare differences between Scottish Parliament and Westminster

1209 words - 5 pages Labour's Landslide Victory in the elections of 1997, led to a referendum being held in September 1997 at which the vote for devolution for Scotland was secured. Elections were then held in May 1999 and the newly created Scottish Parliament gained Power in July 1999. This essay will explore Scottish Devolution and compare the differences between the different political systems that have developed in Westminster and in Scotland. Voting systems...

Scotland's Referendum 2014 Essay

2918 words - 12 pages n September 15th , 2014, the people of Scotland will vote in a referendum asking the question, “Should Scotland be an independent country?” (The Scottish Government, 2013) Despite numerous invasions, Scotland has endured, retaining its own culture and traditions. Separate from England, Scotland has also made large contributions to the world through scientific discovery, ideas, and philosophies. For centuries, relations between Scotland and...

William Wallace.

1319 words - 5 pages William Wallace, popularized in the 1995 movie "Braveheart", was a Scottish patriot and national hero. He was a fierce advocate for Scottish independence from the English, who had taken control shortly after the death of the 8-year old "Queen" Margaret, called the "Maid of Norway". Their rule was widely resented among the common people and, after many of the

"Braveheart" Movie Review

525 words - 2 pages The movie "Braveheart" is an epic based on Scottish independence for the fierce grips of English control. Mel Gibson directs and stars in this movie. The film also won five academy awards; including best picture, director, cinematography, makeup as well as sound effects. The major theme through out this movie is freedom and destiny. That one should always fight for what they believe in and nothing can stand in the way of love. Though sometimes...

Scotland's Future Finally in the Hands of the Scottish

1838 words - 7 pages The Acts of Union were signed in 1707, uniting Scotland and England as one , forming one of the most admired countries in the world, Great Britain. England, until now, has been the most powerful sovereign state of Britain and holds nearly all control over Scotland and its neighbouring countries, Wales and Northern Ireland. Scotland, having previously once been its own country, would now like to gain control and take care of its own affairs again....

William Wallace

807 words - 3 pages William Wallace is one of Scotland's greatest national heroes, and leader of the Scottish resistance forces during the first years of the long and successful struggle to free Scotland from English rule at the end of the 13th Century. Records of Wallace's life are patchy and often inaccurate. This is partly because early...

Braveheart

1118 words - 4 pages Patricia Nelson Limerick is one of the country's most outstanding historians. She is a revisionist historian who revises the usual stories that we believe are true. Limerick especially focuses on the American West dealing with accounts of the "Cowboys and Indians". While writing about these historical events, she has to take into account...

Ebola essay

547 words - 2 pages Jonathon PannulloAmanda HauserCivics & Economics30 September 2014Scotland Votes No For IndependenceMany people this week did not know that history might be changed forever. On Thursday, September 18, Scotland voted and decided to stay as part of the UK. The voting was done by getting the vote of each person in all of the...

William Wallace

1723 words - 7 pages William Wallace (c1270-1305) William Wallace has come to be known as one of Scotland’s many heroes and the undeniable leader of the Scottish resistance forces dying for their freedom from English Rule at the end of the 13th century.      Most accounts of Wallace have been passed down through the generations by word of mouth, making Wallace somewhat of a Scottish folk hero. Most accounts are merely tentative, and in part...

Analysis of William Wallace using the “Psychoanalytic Approach”

714 words - 3 pages William Wallace Hero or Herod?An Analysis of William Wallace using the "Psychoanalytic Approach""William Wallace, a murderer, a runaway, a patriot, or a thief?" William Wallace led one of the first Scottish revolts against the English in the early 14th Century. His army defeated a much larger and much more powerful English army at Stirling Bridge, they captured Stirling Castle, and then ravaged northern England,...

The Scottish Parliament

1290 words - 5 pages For more than three hundred years, Scotland has been an active member of a union with Wales, England and Northern Ireland but recently this partnership has come under threat due to nationalist views from a group of deluded self-serving failed councillors better known as the SNP. The ideals of these individuals threaten the very fabric of this hub of culture and enterprise that we know and love as Scotland. With the tricentennial anniversary of...

0 thoughts on “Scottish Independence For And Against Essay Topic

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *