An essay is a type of writing which is supposed to include three main parts: an introduction, a main body, which in its turn may consist of two or three paragraphs, and a conclusion. There are several types of essay and each of them is characterized by certain peculiarities. These include not only the essay structure but style and vocabulary. Therefore, the choice of good words and phrases for compositions is important. To find good phrases for composition writing any essay writer should read a lot of samples written by experts so that he could easily use them in appropriate situations. Good phrases for composition writing include those which express one’s opinion, present an opposite point of view, provide examples or introduce some new ideas. Being a piece of academic writing an essay should provide well-grounded justification, explanation and reasoning which involves using specific vocabulary. Thus, specific linking elements are considered to be helping words for composition.
Starting an essay can be quite challenging and choosing the right words and phrases may take time. There are several tips on how to begin an introductory paragraph effectively. To start with, an introduction should be catchy as its main purpose is to grab the attention of the readers from the very beginning. Thus, the words to start an essay should be strong and persuasive rather than neutral. What is more, an introductory paragraph should not be too long. Three or four fully-developed sentences are quite enough. Furthermore, the choice of words and phrases depends on whether you state your opinion in the introduction or express it in a summarising paragraph. In the first case the expressions to start an essay should include opinion phrases such as “From my point of view” or “It is my firm belief”. Otherwise, such phrases are not typically used in introductions as the author’s opinion is stated in a concluding paragraph. Finally, it is not a good idea to copy the title of an essay in an introductory paragraph. Paraphrasing is an efficient way of creating a good introduction using specific essay introduction phrases.
Techniques to start an essay
There are several techniques to start an essay the choice of which depends on the topic and the purpose of an essay. Below are listed several of such techniques.
The technique which is widely used in essay introductions is the background technique. It means that an essay starts with providing the readers with some historical facts which are relevant for introducing an essay topic. The words to begin an essay using background information may include historic dates, the names of places or public figures etc. This way, the readers get a vivid picture of what an essay is going to dwell upon.
Another good technique includes providing a definition. Such type of an introduction is good for an essay which considers some abstract notions and ideas. Thus, words for introduction in essay are given the definitions either taken from a dictionary or developed by an author based on his own experience. Such words to be defined may include the following: happiness, health, life or success.
Interrogatory sentence technique
Good sentences to start an essay are interrogatory sentences. Starting an essay with a question or several questions in a row gives the readers a possibility to think over the topic of an essay as they are not just given the information but are asked to provide the answer together with the writer. Having started an essay with a question, the author should answer it in the main paragraph providing enough justification to support his arguments. However, the question asked must not contain an answer leaving no alternative for a reader. The question asked at the beginning of an essay may be a rhetorical one. Although it does not require an answer, a rhetorical question gives a good ground for contemplation. The introduction may as well start with addressing the readers directly. It sounds persuasive and is good to start an essay providing some suggestions or giving advice.
Bright quotations by famous people may be great expressions to start an essay. A quotation should be brief but catchy and closely correlate with the topic of an essay. Its meaning should be discussed immediately so that the readers could understand its significance for developing the essay topic.
Description or an anecdote
A description or an anecdote is widely used to start an essay. Whatever strategy is used, it creates a bright vivid picture of what is going to be discussed in an essay. There are a great number of effective introduction strategies to be used. The introductory words and phrases list is quite long. It is up to an individual writer to choose a good introductory phrase to make an essay engaging and easy to follow.
Also read: 42 Interesting Persuasive Essay Topics
How to start a conclusion for an essay
Concluding an essay appropriately is as significant as starting it. The purpose is to remind the readers of what was discussed in the main body, summarize all the arguments and provide the author’s opinion of the topic under discussion. The same as with the introduction, there are several ways to write a conclusion. The following are the tips on how to start a conclusion for an essay. It is a good idea to leave the readers with some things to think over after reading an essay. A conclusion is not a mere summary of what has been written above. It is the author’s reflection on the topic of an essay. As an introduction, a conclusion is a well-developed paragraph whose length depends on the length of an essay. Its significance is hard to be overestimated, so the choice of good conclusion phrases is important.
Words to finish an essay typically include linkers used for concluding, for instance, “To sum up”, “All things considered” etc. As in the case with an introduction, a good conclusion may be started with a quotation which supports the idea of entire essay. It should be the same quotation used in an introductory paragraph. Besides, if an essay is started with a quotation, it is not a good idea to conclude it the same way. Besides, using too many quotations and referring too much to the views of others may be regarded as the writer’s inability to present his own arguments and the absence of his own point of view on the topic discussed in an essay. Therefore, a quotation should be used either in an introductory paragraph or in a conclusion.
An essay conclusion may contain some information which provides the readers with food for meditation. Such type of conclusion may contain some predictions about life in future or the events which would take place if the circumstances were different. This way, the readers have an opportunity to come up with their own ideas on a suggested topic.
The words to start a conclusion may have an objective character in case the author of an essay finishes it with an objective sentence. Such conclusion provides a serious ground for the arguments discussed in an essay as objective statements usually include the facts or ideas which are generally believed and accepted.
Conclusion phrases and conclusion words for essays should not contain any new information. No new arguments and justifications should be included in a concluding paragraph as it will leave an essay unfinished and lacking the logical ending.
- A good introductory paragraph 1. gets your reader’s attention, 2. introduces your topic, and 3. presents your stance on the topic (thesis).
Right after your title is the introductory paragraph. Like an appetizer for a meal, the introductory paragraph sets up the reader’s palate and gives him a foretaste of what is to come. You want start your paper on a positive note by putting forth the best writing possible.
Like writing the title, you can wait to write your introductory paragraph until you are done with the body of the paper. Some people prefer to do it this way since they want to know exactly where their paper goes before they make an introduction to it. When you write your introductory paragraph is a matter of personal preference.
Your introductory paragraph needs to accomplish three main things: it must 1. grip your reader, 2. introduce your topic, and 3. present your stance on the topic (in the form of your thesis statement). If you’re writing a large academic paper, you’ll also want to contextualize your paper’s claim by discussing points other writers have made on the topic.
There are a variety of ways this can be achieved. Some writers find it useful to put a quote at the beginning of the introductory paragraph. This is often an effective way of getting the attention of your reader:
“Thomas Jefferson’s statement in the Declaration of Independence that “all men are created equal” seems contrary to the way he actually lived his life, bringing into question the difference between the man’s public and private lives…”
Hmm. Interesting…Tell me more. This introduction has set off the paper with an interesting quote and makes the reader want to continue reading. How has Jefferson’s public life differed from his private life? Notice how this introduction also helps frame the paper. Now the reader expects to learn about the duality of Thomas Jefferson’s life.
Another common method of opening a paper is to provide a startling statistic or fact. This approach is most useful in essays that relate to current issues, rather than English or scientific essays.
“The fact that one in every five teenagers between the ages of thirteen and fifteen smokes calls into question the efficacy of laws prohibiting advertising cigarettes to children…”
The reader is given an interesting statistic to chew on (the fact that so many children smoke) while you set up your paper. Now your reader is expecting to read an essay on cigarette advertising laws.
When writing English papers, introducing your topic includes introducing your author and the aspect of the text that you’ll be analyzing.
“Love is a widely felt emotion. In The Count of Monte Cristo, Alexandre Dumas uses the universality of love to develop a connection with his reader…”
Here, the reader is introduced to the piece of text that will be analyzed, the author, and the essay topic. Nice.
The previous sample introduction contains a general sentence at the beginning that bring up a very broad topic: love. From there, the introductory paragraph whittles down to something more specific:
how Dumas uses love in his novel to develop a connection with the reader. You’d expect this paragraph to march right on down to the thesis statement,
which belongs at the end of the introductory paragraph. Good introductory paragraphs often have this ‘funnel’ sort of format–going from something broad (such as love) to something more specific until the thesis is presented.
Try to avoid the some of the more hackneyed openers:
- “Have you ever wondered why…”
- “Webster’s dictionary defines…”
- “X is a very important issue facing America today…”