Languages, with their complex implications for identity, communication, social integration, education and development, are of strategic importance for people and planet. Yet, due to globalization processes, they are increasingly under threat, or disappearing altogether. When languages fade, so does the world's rich tapestry of cultural diversity. Opportunities, traditions, memory, unique modes of thinking and expression — valuable resources for ensuring a better future — are also lost.
At least 43% of the estimated 6000 languages spoken in the world are endangered. Only a few hundred languages have genuinely been given a place in education systems and the public domain, and less than a hundred are used in the digital world.
International Mother Language Day has been observed every year since February 2000 to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.
Languages are the most powerful instruments of preserving and developing our tangible and intangible heritage. All moves to promote the dissemination of mother tongues will serve not only to encourage linguistic diversity and multilingual education but also to develop fuller awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions throughout the world and to inspire solidarity based on understanding, tolerance and dialogue.
2018 Theme: Linguistic diversity and multilingualism count for sustainable development
To foster sustainable development, learners must have access to education in their mother tongue and in other languages. It is through the mastery of the first language or mother tongue that the basic skills of reading, writing and numeracy are acquired. Local languages, especially minority and indigenous, transmit cultures, values and traditional knowledge, thus play an important role in promoting sustainable futures.
International Mother Language Day also supports target 6 of Goal 4 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): "Ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy."
Introduction: We are very proud because the UNESCO gas declared the 21st February as the International Mother Language Day. It is such a prestige that we cannot find the right words to express our sense of jubilation.
How it happened: The 21st February, our Martyr’s Day, is unique in the history of the world in the sense that in no other country have lost lives and suffered for the preservation of the mother tongue. So judging the significance of the language movement, the UNESCO, has considered it a matter of pride to declare the 21st February as the International Mother Language Day.
The Impact in Bangladesh: The impact of this glorious decision is huge in Bangladesh. The political parties and the student community started celebrating the occasion in the streets as soon as the news came to them.
World Languages: There are about 4000 official languages in the world. Bangladesh is the mother tongue of about 22crores of people. English, French, Spanish, Chinese and Arabic are some of the most dominant languages in the world. But, in spite of this, Bengali has come to the top position because through it mow all other languages have assumed their true status.
Conclusion: On the International Mother Language Day our vow will be to improve our language so that world. The constructions of sentences and the spelling patterns should be modernized. We should develop multi-lateral schemes to make Bengali a language easy to learn by foreigners.
Introduction: Education is compared to light. It dispels the curse of ignorance. It brings out all round development of the body and mind. Everyone has a right of education. It is his fundamental right.
Mass education: Giving education to the illiterate mass is called mass education. No nation can prosper by keeping her vast majority in the abyss of ignorance. Mass education makes people conscious of their right and duties. It helps them to become good citizens. It makes them patriots. During the British and Pakistani rule no steps were taken in this direction. Now we are a free country. It is now time for us to education our illiterate masses for the overall development of the country. It will be a curse for us if we keep our 80% people in the dark.
Government’s effort: Our government is aware of this national problem. It is making sincere efforts to solve this problem. It has made Primary Education compulsory for children. The Radio and the Television are also making programmes every day for this purpose. Our duties: We should help the government in making the mass literacy programme a success; Night school should be opened in every village on government and private initiative Unemployed educated youths may be engaged for this on giving them a subsistence allowance. The poor students of the night schools should be given reading and writing materials free of cost. They may be given some extra facilities to ensure regular attendance.
Local teachers and students can be used: The government can use the teachers of the local schools. College and madrasah to organize this campaign. Imams of the mosques and the students after their final examinations can be engaged for this. We must remember that this is gigantic task Co-operation from all quarters is essential to make it a success.
Conclusion: Our government has given top priority to education. It has allocated a huge amount for education in the national budget. It has also given a greater stress on mass literacy programmes and on compulsory education. We are hopeful that if bold step is taken and the co-operation of all is got from all quarters the curse of illiteracy will in no time be eradicated from Bangladesh.