Half Of A Yellow Sun Odenigbo Analysis Essay

Olanna Ozobia

One of the novel’s main protagonists, the beautiful daughter of Chief Ozobia. Olanna’s parents are shallow and greedy, but she has a strong character and sense of morality. She studied sociology in London and… (read full character analysis)

Kainene Ozobia

Olanna’s twin sister, who is less beautiful than Olanna and has something of a dour, sarcastic personality. Kainene is always the less popular of the two, and she builds up many emotional defenses against… (read full character analysis)


The novel’s first protagonist, a young Igbo boy from the small bush village of Opi. Ugwu becomes Odenigbo’s houseboy and initially marvels at all his possessions and education. Ugwu possesses a natural brilliance, and… (read full character analysis)

Richard Churchill

An English expatriate and journalist. He first came to Nigeria after he fell in love with the roped pots of ancient Igbo-Ukwu art. Richard is very good-looking but extremely shy and awkward. He falls deeply… (read full character analysis)


A mathematics professor and pseudo-revolutionary, and Olanna’s lover/husband. Odenigbo is strong and hairy, and speaks forcefully about many subjects, mostly arguing about international politics. Olanna falls in love with his confidence and they are… (read full character analysis)

Minor Characters

Odenigbo’s Mother (Mama)

A village woman who is a stranger to Odenigbo’s educated modern world. Mama thinks Olanna is a witch because her mother didn’t breastfeed her, and she plots to get Odenigbo to have a child with Amala. Mama refuses to leave her village and is killed in the war.

Chiamaka (Baby)

Amala’s child by Odenigbo. Olanna takes the girl in as a baby and raises her as her own. Baby grows up amidst constant danger and moving from place to place, but she seems happy.


A village girl who helps Mama and then unwillingly bears Odenigbo’s child.


A girl Ugwu falls in love with in Umuahia.

Madu Madu

Kainene’s friend, an army major and then colonel. He is a huge, confident man, and Richard is always jealous of him.


A poet and friend of Odenigbo’s. Okeoma gives up writing to become a soldier, and then is killed in the war.

Susan Grenville-Pitts

Richard’s first girlfriend in Nigeria, a jealous, racist English expatriate who looks down on all the Nigerians.


Richard’s houseboy, a middle-aged man who boasts about his English cooking.


The gardener for Richard and Odenigbo.

Miss Adebayo

A Yoruba woman who argues with Odenigbo but possibly likes him romantically.

Chief Ozobia

Olanna and Kainene’s father, a fat, wealthy, flashy Nigerian businessman.

Mrs. Ozobia

Kainene and Olanna’s mother, a vain and beautiful woman.


Olanna’s ex-boyfriend, a kind, good-looking, extremely wealthy Hausa man.


Olanna’s cousin who is murdered while pregnant during the anti-Igbo pogroms that occur before Biafra breaks away as an independent country.

Aunty Ifeka

Arize’s mother, a strong-willed village woman.

Uncle Mbaezi

Arize’s father from Kano.


A Hausa man who was once friends with Mbaezi but when the pogroms break out helps slaughter the Igbo, including Mbaezi.


Ugwu’s sister. She is witty and kind but then changes drastically, losing all her spark, after she is raped during the war.

Ugwu’s Mother

A village woman who suffers from a coughing sickness.


A girl from Opi whom Ugwu lusts after as a youth.

Professor Ezeka

A usual guest at Odenigbo’s. He becomes the Director of Mobilization in Biafra.

Dr. Patel

A usual guest at Odenigbo’s who treats him and his family when they are ill or injured.

Ugwu’s Aunty

The woman who gets Ugwu his job at Odenigbo’s.


A housegirl who has an emotionless sexual relationship with Ugwu in Nsukka.


A friendly customs officer. Richard watches him get murdered at the airport.

Special Julius

A corrupt army contractor who befriends Odenigbo and Olanna.

Professor Ekwenugo

A man who helps develop the ogbunigwe (Biafran land mines) but then is “blown up” during the war.

Dr. Nwala

A friend of Okeoma’s who treats Baby during the war.

Mrs. Muokelu

A fervently patriotic Biafran woman who befriends Olanna.


One of Kainene’s stewards. His head is cut off by shrapnel.

Count Von Rosen

An elderly Swedish aristocrat who fights for Biafra.

Mama Oji

A short-tempered, sarcastic woman who befriends Olanna in Umuahia.


A small, childlike woman who plays the piano. She possibly has an affair with Odenigbo.


A little girl who befriends Baby and dies of kwashiorkor.

Pastor Ambrose

A man who prays loudly in the yard, pretending to be a pastor to avoid conscription.


A thirteen-year-old boy in the Biafran army who does reconnaissance missions and befriends Ugwu.

The Bar Girl

Am Igbo girl who is raped by Ugwu and his fellow soldiers.

Redheaded Charles

A racist American journalist covering the Biafran War. Richard dislikes him.

Plump Charles

A more likable American journalist.

Father Marcel

A priest working at Kainene’s refugee camp who takes advantage of young girls.

Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu

The inspiring, overconfident leader of Biafra during the war, referred to as “His Excellency.”

General Yakubu Gowon

The Nigerian head of state during the Biafran War and for five years afterward.

Cosby, Matt. "Half of a Yellow Sun Characters." LitCharts. LitCharts LLC, 7 Sep 2014. Web. 12 Mar 2018.

Cosby, Matt. "Half of a Yellow Sun Characters." LitCharts LLC, September 7, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2018. http://www.litcharts.com/lit/half-of-a-yellow-sun/characters.


“A gorgeous, pitiless account of love, violence and betrayal during the Biafran war.”

The questions, discussion topics, and suggestions for further reading that follow are intended to enhance your group’s conversation aboutHalf of a Yellow Sun, a richly imagined story of the disastrous war between Nigeria and Biafra, largely forgotten in the West, which won the 2007 Orange Prize in Britain and was a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award.


Half of a Yellow Sun returns to a critical moment in the modern history of Nigeria, a time shortly after gaining their independence from Britain when, following a massacre of their people, the Igbo tribes of the southeast seceded and established The Republic of Biafra. Three years of civil war followed as Biafra was slowly strangled into submission by violence and famine. Over a million people died, including Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s two grandfathers.

With astonishing empathy and the effortless grace of a natural storyteller, Adichie weaves together the lives of three characters swept up in the turbulence of the war. Thirteen-year-old Ugwu is employed as a houseboy for Odenigbo, a pan-Africanist university professor full of revolutionary zeal. His beautiful girlfriend Olanna is the London-educated daughter of a tribal chief turned businessman, who has abandoned her life of privilege in Lagos for the charisma of her new lover. And Richard Churchill is a shy but handsome English writer in love with Olanna’s cool, sardonic, and less beautiful twin sister Kainene. As Nigerian troops advance and the characters must flee from murderous armies, their ideals are severely tested, as are their loyalties to one another.  

Epic, ambitious, and triumphantly realized,Half of a Yellow Sun is a remarkable novel about moral responsibility, the end of colonialism, ethnic allegiances, class and race–and the ways in which love can complicate them all. Adichie brilliantly evokes the promise and the devastating disappointments that marked this time and place, bringing us one of the most powerful, dramatic, and intensely emotional pictures of modern Africa that we have ever had.

Questions and Topics for Discussion

1. Ugwu is only thirteen when he begins working as a houseboy for Odenigbo, but he is one of the most intelligent and observant characters in the novel. How well does Ugwu manage the transition from village life to the intellectual and privileged world of his employers? How does his presence throughout affect the reader’s experience of the story?

2. About her attraction to Odenigbo, Olanna thinks, “The intensity had not abated after two years, nor had her awe at his self-assured eccentricities and his fierce moralities” [p. 36]. What is attractive about Odenigbo? How does Adichie poke fun at certain aspects of his character? How does the war change him?   

3. Adichie touches very lightly on a connection between the Holocaust and the Biafran situation [p. 62]; why does she not stress this parallel more strongly? Why are the Igbo massacred by the Hausa? What tribal resentments and rivalries are expressed in the Nigerian-Biafran war? In what ways does the novel make clear that these rivalries have been intensified by British interference?

4. Consider the conversation between Olanna and Kainene on pp. 130-131. What are the sources of the distance and distrust between the two sisters, and how is the rift finally overcome? What is the effect of the disappearance of Kainene on the ending of the story?

5. Discuss the ways in which Adichie reveals the differences in social class among her characters. What are the different cultural assumptions—about themselves and others—made by educated Africans like Odenigbo, nouveau riche Africans like Olanna’s parents, uneducated Africans like Odenigbo’s mother, and British expatriates like Richard’s ex-girlfriend Susan?

6. Excerpts from a book called The World Was Silent When We Died appear on pp. 103, 146, 195, 256, 296, 324, 470, and 541. Who is writing this book? What does it tell us? Why is it inserted into the story in parts?  

7. Adichie breaks the chronological sequence of her story so that she can delay the revelation that Baby is not Olanna’s child and that Olanna had a brief liaison with Richard. What are the effects of this delay, and of these revelations, on your reading experience?

8. Susan Grenville-Pitts is a stereotype of the colonial occupier with her assertion that “It’s quite extraordinaryÉ how these people can’t control their hatred of each other. . . . Civilization teaches you control” [p. 194]. Richard, on the other hand, wants to be African, learns to speak Igbo, and says “we” when he speaks of Biafra. What sort of person is Richard? How do you explain his desires?

9. Adichie makes a point of displaying Olanna’s middle-class frame of mind: she is disgusted at the cockroach eggs in her cousins’ house reluctant to let Baby mix with village children because they have lice, and so on. How is her privileged outlook changed by the war?

10. The poet Okeoma, in praise of the new Biafra, wrote, “If the sun refuses to rise, we will make it rise” [p. 219]. Does Adichie seem to represent the Biafran secession as a doomed exercise in political na•vet? or as a desperate bid for survival on the part of a besieged ethnic group? Given the history of Nigeria and Britain’s support during the war, is the defeat of Biafra a foregone conclusion?

11. The sisters’ relationship is damaged further when Olanna seduces Richard [p. 293]. Why does Olanna do this? If she is taking revenge upon Odenigbo for his infidelity, why does she choose Richard? What does Kainene mean when she bitterly calls Olanna “the good one” [p. 318]?

12. How does being witnesses to violent death change people in the story—Olanna, Kainene, Odenigbo, Ugwu? How does Adichie handle descriptions of scenes of violence, death, and famine?

13. What goes through Ugwu’s mind as he participates in the rape of the bar girl [p. 457]? How does he feel about it later, when he learns that his sister was also gang-raped [pp. 497, 526]?

14. The novel is structured in part around two love stories, between Olanna and Odenigbo and between Kainene and Richard.  It is “really a story of love,” Adichie has said (Financial Times, September 9, 2006). How does Adichie handle romantic and sexual love? Why are these love plots so important to a novel about a war?

15. The story begins as Ugwu’s aunty describes to Ugwu his new employer: “Master was a little crazy; he had spent too many years reading books overseas, talked to himself in his office, did not always return greetings, and had too much hair” [p. 3]. It ends with Ugwu’s dedication of his book: “For Master, my good man” [p. 541]. Consider how Ugwu’s relation to his master has changed throughout the course of the story.

16. How is it fitting that Ugwu, and not Richard, should be the one who writes the story of the war and his people?

17. In a recent interview Adichie said, “My family tells me that I must be old. This is a book I had to write because it’s my way of looking at this history that defines me and making sense of it.” (She recently turned twenty-nine, and based parts of the story on her family’s experiences during that time and also on a great deal of reading.) “I didn’t want to just write about events,” Adichie said. “I wanted to put a human face on them” (The New York Times, September 23, 2006). Why is it remarkable that a woman so young could write a novel of this scope and depth?

About this Author

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie grew up in Nigeria, where she attended medical school for two years at the University of Nigeria before coming to the United States. A 2003 O. Henry Prize winner, Adichie was shortlisted for the 2002 Caine Prize for African Writing. Her work has been selected by the Commonwealth Broadcasting Association and the BBC Short Story Awards and has appeared in various literary publications, including Zoetrope and The Iowa Review. Her first novel, Purple Hibiscus, was shortlisted for the Orange Prize and the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize, and longlisted for the Booker. She now divides her time between the United States and Nigeria.

Suggested Reading

Chris Abani, Graceland;Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart; William Boyd, A Good Man in Africa; Kiran Desai, The Inheritance of Loss; Frederick Douglass, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave; Dave Eggers, What Is the What; Amitav Ghosh, The Shadow Lines; Graham Greene, The Heart of the Matter; Barbara Kingsolver, The Poisonwood Bible; Rohinton Mistry, Family Matters; V. S. Naipaul, A Bend in the River; Ben Okri, The Famished Road; Wole Soyinka, The Man Died.


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